List of Muslim states and dynasties

This article includes a list of successive Islamic states and Muslim dynasties beginning with the time of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (570–632 CE) and the early Muslim conquests that spread Islam outside of the Arabian Peninsula, and continuing through to the present day.

The first-ever establishment of an Islamic polity goes back to the Islamic State of Medina, which was established by Muhammad in the city of Medina in 622 CE. Following his death in 632 CE, his immediate successors established the Rashidun Caliphate, which was further succeeded by the Umayyad Caliphate and later the Abbasid Caliphate.

While the primary caliphates gradually fractured and fell, other Muslim dynasties rose; some of these dynasties established notable and prominent Islamic empires, such as the Ottoman Empire centered around Anatolia, the Safavid Empire of Persia, and the Mughal Empire in India.

Middle East and North Africa

Mesopotamia and Levant (Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria)

Arabian Peninsula and Persian Gulf

Saudi Arabia

Bahrain

Qatar

Kuwait

United Arab Emirates

Oman

Yemen

Regional

North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia)

Algeria

Egypt

Tunisia

Morocco

Libya

(1951–1969)

Horn of Africa

Somalia

Somaliland

Ethiopia

Eritrea

Djibouti

Caucasus

Iran

Shah Ismail I, founder of Safavid dynasty

Anatolia (Turkey)

Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha

Azerbaijan

Armenia

Georgia

Russia

Southern Europe

Spain & Portugal

France

Umayyad Caliph of Cordova

Italy

Gibraltar

  • Gibraltar Maghreb (711-1462)

West and East Africa (West and East Africa, Sahel)

Sudan, South Sudan

Mauritania

Niger

Nigeria

Mali

Regional

Cameroon

Benin

Burkina Faso

Chad

Central African Republic

Côte d'Ivoire

Ghana

Senegambia

Gambia

Guinea

Guinea Bissau

Togo

Sierra Leone

East Africa

Tanzania

Kenya

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Malawi

Mozambique

  • Angoche Sultanate (1485–1910)
  • Kitangonya Sheikhdom (1750–1906)
  • Sankul Sheikhdom (1753–1910)

Indian Ocean Region

Maldives

Mayotte

Comoros

Madagascar

Eastern Europe (Balkan Region)

Ukraine, Moldova

Romania, Bulgaria

Greece

Cyprus

Albania

Ural Region, Siberia (Russia)


Central Asia, East Asia

Transoxania (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan)

Eastern Division

China

South Asia

Bangladesh

Pakistan


India

Afghanistan

Southeast Asia

Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei

Philippines

Approximate extent of the Muslim Sultanates in the Philippines

Thailand

Indochina

See also

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  • Israel
  • United States