Papua New Guinea–European Union relations

Bilateral relations
European Union–Papua New Guinea relations
Map indicating locations of European Union and Papua New Guinea

European Union

Papua New Guinea

Cooperation between Papua New Guinea and the European Union is developed in the framework of Cotonou Agreement within the wider ACP–EU development cooperation.[1] While neighboring Australia as the largest donor is the only country which provides direct budget supports, European Union is one of the major other sources of international assistance in the country.[2] Since 2011 European Union is the second largest export market accounting for 9.2% of total exports by the country.[3]

Papua New Guinea was one of the countries in the region actively involved in initiatives to replace the Lomé Convention with the Regional Economic Partnership Agreement with EU, ultimately leading to a couple of separate bilateral agreements.[4] Papua New Guinea signed Lome II, III and IV Conventions in which it identified rural and human resources development as principal sectors for development assistance.[2]

In 2002 European Commission Election Exploratory mission visited the country but advised against full scale EU electoral observation of the 2002 Papua New Guinean general election due to security concerns.[5] In 2007 two sides signed an interim-Economic Partnership Agreement exempting tariff and quota limitations for canned tuna and smoked loins produced in Papua New Guinea.[6] Two sides signed 2014-2020 National Indicative Programme (NIP) by which European Union committed allocation of 184 million of development aid subdivided into 85 million for rural entrepreneurship, investment and trade, 60 million for water, sanitation and hygiene, 30 million for education and 9 million for support measures.[1]

In March 2021, in the context of vaccine dispute between Brussels and Canberra, Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison urged European Union to send 1 million COVID-19 vaccines to Papua New Guinea, the request which was accepted following month.[7][8]

References

  1. ^ a b European Union - Papua New Guinea National Indicative Programme for the period 2014-2020 (PDF) (Report). European External Action Service. 16 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Development Profile". Embassy of Papua New Guinea to the Americas. n.d. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  3. ^ European Union provides training to Papua New Guinea's Customs to benefit from the EU – PNG Free Trade Agreement (PDF) (Report). OECD. n.d.
  4. ^ Wallis, Joanne (2014). "Papua New Guinea: New Opportunities and Declining Australian Influence?". The Security Challenges. 10 (2): 115–136.
  5. ^ Co-operation Between European Union and Papua New Guinea (PDF) (Report). Archive of European Integration. 2002.
  6. ^ "Economic 'opportunaties' in Papua New Guinea". Asia & the Pacific Policy Society. 11 February 2021. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  7. ^ Colin Packham (17 March 2021). "Australia urges EU to send 1 mln COVID-19 vaccines for PNG amid fresh outbreak". Reuters. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  8. ^ Bevan Shields (22 April 2021). "EU won't block 1 million vaccines for crisis-hit PNG". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved December 13, 2021.

External links

  • Delegation of the European Union to Papua New Guinea
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