Islamic religious concept affirming similarity between Allah and human beings
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Tashbih (Arabic: تشبيه) is an Islamic religious concept meaning anthropomorphism, assimilating/comparing God to His creatures.[1] In Islamic theology, two opposite terms are attributed to Allah, tashbih and tanzih (transcendence).

However, the fuller meaning of tashbih is 'affirming similarity', i.e. affirming similarity between God and His creatures. This concept is eternally juxtaposed with Allah's tanzih (transcendence, or 'declaring incompatibility').

Both ta'til, divesting God of His attributes, and tashbih, anthropomorphism, are considered to be heresies by Sunnis.[2]

Tashbih were apparent in Shia teaching, particularly in the thought of Al-Qasim al-Rassi, Zaidiyyah Imam of 8 AD century.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Ernst Bremer; Susanne Röhl, eds. (2006). Language of Religion, Language of the People: Medieval Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Vol. 11. Wilhelm Fink Verlag. p. 136. ISBN 9783770542819.
  2. ^ Elmer H. Douglas (1993). Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi' (ed.). The Mystical Teachings of al-Shadhili. SUNY Press. p. 256. ISBN 9780791416136.
  3. ^ Abrahamov, Binyamin (1996). Anthropomorphism and interpretation of the Qurʼān in the theology of al-Qāsim ibn Ibrāhīm: Kitāb al-Mustarshid. E.J. Brill. pp. 1–4, 13–15, 18, 67. ISBN 9789004104082. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  • Murata, Sachiko; William C. Chittick (2000). The Vision of Islam. I. B. Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-022-2.

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